Chemistry Research laboratory Write-Up Dissertation

The Effect of Temperature for the Rate in the Reaction Between Calcium Carbonate and 1 . 0 M Hydrochloric Chemical p

Josue Montoya

IB Chemistry SL

Mr. Pham

Due Date: 07 Mar 2013

Times Experiment Was Conducted: 28, 28, up to 29 February 2013

INTRODUCTION

Study Question:

How can altering the temperature where calcium carbonate and 1 ) 0 M hydrochloric acidity react, impact the rate of reaction?

Target:

The purpose of the experiment is always to demonstrate just how changing the temperature when a reaction takes place, either by lowering the temperature or making the temperature climb, affects the pace at which the reaction proceeds. To demonstrate how changing the heat at which a chemical reaction takes place affects the rate with the reaction, the reaction between calcium supplements carbonate and 1 . 0 M hydrochloric acid will be observed at 5 various temperature readings. The five varying temps are targeted towards coming to 10ВєC, 20ВєC, 30ВєC, 40ВєC, and 50ВєC. It is remarkably improbable that every trial for each of the a few different temps will be the specific temperature that was targeted, so it's merely important that you conclude having a heat fairly nearby the targeted temperatures so that the costs of reactions that you do get are while correct as it can be. The costs of response will be attained using an apparatus which will guide the co2 gas becoming produced from the reaction between the 1 ) 0 Meters hydrochloric chemical p and the calcium mineral carbonate from a reaction holding chamber into a flask containing water. This try things out will be performed by placing about a few. 0 grams of calcium mineral carbonate snacks into a flask containing thirty five mL of 1. 0 Meters hydrochloric acid at one of the targeted conditions. This flask is called the reaction chamber since it is the flask that contains you see, the occurring effect. The reaction among calcium carbonate and hydrochloric acid produces carbon dioxide as one of its products. If the carbon dioxide undergoes the tube connected to the plug that finalizes the reaction holding chamber it goes in the flask containing this particular the water will probably be pushed up a different pipe and will displaced into a 55 mL managed to graduate cylinder where you could measure how much time it takes pertaining to the water to become displaced up to a certain indicate on the graduated cylinder by using a stopwatch. With this specific research you will measure how long it will take for 15 mL of water to be displaced by the carbon dioxide gas being created from the actual effect.

Background:

The speed of a reaction is inversely related to time. This means that the longer a chemical reaction takes, the bottom its level. Rate can be tested by the boost of merchandise concentration divided by the time taken to achieve that attention or by the decrease of reactant concentration divided by the time taken to reach that concentration of reactant (An Introduction to the Collision Theory in Rates of Reaction). The accident theory declares that a reaction is dependent on the collisions among reacting substances (An Summary of the Crash Theory in Rates of Reaction). But , for a reaction to occur, these types of molecules must collide inside the correct positioning and they need to collide with sufficient energy to be able to overcome the service energy necessary for a reaction to happen (An Summary of the Impact Theory in Rates of Reaction). Factors that have an impact on the rate of a reaction range from the concentration of reactants at the beginning of a reaction, the area of the reactants, pressure where the reaction kept, the use of a catalyst, and the temperatures at which a chemical reaction is held(An Introduction to the Collision Theory in Rates of Reaction). Increasing the concentration in the reactants in the initiation of your reaction enhances the rate of the reaction since as the concentration raises, the consistency of successful collisions among reacting debris increases too (Ford 123). Therefore ,...

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Darkish, Catrin, and Mike Kia. Chemistry: Standard Level: Developed Specifically for the IB Diploma or degree. Harlow, Kent: Pearson Education, 2008. Print.

" An intro to the Crash Theory in Rates of Reaction. " An Introduction for the Collision Theory in Prices of Response. N. l., n. deb. Web. 12 Mar. 2013.

" The Haber Procedure for the Manufacture of Ammonia. " The Acudir Process for the Production of Hydrogen. N. l., n. g. Web. 12 Mar. 2013.

" The Effect of Temperature on Costs of Response. " The Effect of Temperature on Costs of Reaction. N. p., n. deb. Web. 15 Mar. 2013.